Adult Bone Marrow Transplantation

Acıbadem Health Group possesses two centers that offer special services to adult and pediatric patients regarding bone marrow transplantation which is used in the treatment of some blood disorders and cancer types. These diseases may be seen at any phase of life and they are accepted as a significant group of diseases because of their lethal consequences.

  • Acıbadem Kozyatağı Hospital - Adult Bone Marrow Transplantation Center
  • Acıbadem Aile Hospital - Adult Bone Marrow Transplantation Center

    Bone Marrow Centers supported by Acıbadem infrastructure, harbors all the infrastructure and equipment for transplantation. All services in the center are given in international standarts and sterile settings. The department for hospitalized patients provides transplantation, and the outpatient clinic provides post transplantation care services.

    What is a stem cell?

    The main cells that generate all the tissues and organs in the body are stem cells. These cells, undifferentiated yet; have the ability to divide, renew themselves, and transform into organ and tissues.

    Blood is the liquid tissue of the body and it is produced in the bone marrow. Hematopoietic or “blood producing stem cells” are located here. These are produced by the principal cells in the bone marrow and they are released into the bloodstream when they reach the necessary maturity. Their number is constant, however when necessary they can both reproduce on their own or produce new and mature blood cells.

    How is stem cell transfer carried out? 

    A place has to be opened for the new incoming cells in the body of the person who will undergo transplantation. Therefore before the operation the bone marrow of the patient is destroyed by drugs and radiation. On the day when this preperatory phase which takes an average of 7-8 days ends, bone marrow transplantation is accomplished by transferring new stem cells to the patient.

    The stem cell that are transplanted know where they will go, therefore they are programmed for these spots. They select the empty places in the bone marrow available for reproduction, lodge there and reproduce like a seed.

    In which disease groups is stem cell transplantation applied?

    Blood Disorders
    Blood disorders constitute the largest group. The leukemias are the most common in this group.
    Bone marrow transplantation carries great significance in the management of patients with the following leukemias that do not respond to treatment or have a recurrence:

    * ALL (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia)
    * AML (Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia)
    * CML (Chronic Myeloblastic Leukemia)

    In some types of ALL, bone marrow transplantation is considered as the first treatment option.

    Bone marrow transplantation is the sole treatment method in aplastic anemia where the bone marrow cannot produce any blood cells at all. This disease may be present from birth or occur later. Some viruses, chemical substances, and drugs may lead to aplastic anemia.

    In bone marrow transplantation, blood disorders coming from birth also carry significance. Bone marrow transplantation is applied as the only treatment method in thalessemia which is also known as Mediterranean anemia, sickle cell anemia, and some rarely seen blood disorders.

    Cancers
    Among conditions that require bone marrow transplantation, cancer is the second most common type of illness after blood disorders. Especially in Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of childhood, bone marrow transplantation is the only alternative in patients who do not respond to treatment or develop a recuurence. When Hodgkin’s lymphoma which is another lymph node cancer recurs, the same treatment method is used.

  • ALO ACIBADEM
    All the text that is featured in www.organtransplantsaveslife.com contains general information.
    Friday, February 23, 2018 9:08:03 AM